Articles, Studies on Health and Air Pollution

Looking for info on Health, Pulp Mills and Air Pollution? Represented on this page so far, we have several news or study aggregators, a few EPA links, some interlaced notes, and a factoid or two from ToxicTrends.




Selections from , clicking on their “archive” tab and searching for: ” health pulp mill air ”

Why Americans still breathe known hazards decades after ‘clean air’ law.

The stumbling, two-decade-old war on hazardous air pollutants has stalled on bureaucratic dawdling, industry resistance, legal maneuvering, limited resources and politics. Untainted air for all Americans — promised on Nov. 15, 1990, by President George H. W. Bush — has proved elusive. Center for Public Integrity.  16 November 2011

New study, new findings in air quality research.

Pulp mill emissions, mobile sources and wood burning are the major contributors to the smallest fine particulates measured downtown, a study of monitoring data commissioned by the Prince George Air Quality Implementation Committee has found. Prince George Citizen, British Columbia.  5 April 2008


Same, but searching for ” health air pollution ”

Air pollution affects preterm birthrates globally, study finds.

A pregnant woman’s exposure to air pollution has adverse effects on her fetus, according to a new international study, with prolonged exposure associated with nearly 1 in 5 premature births globally. Washington Post.  24 February 2017

Revealed: Thousands of children at London schools breathe toxic air.

Tens of thousands of children at more than 800 schools, nurseries and colleges in London are being exposed to illegal levels of air pollution that risk causing lifelong health problems, the Guardian can disclose. The Guardian.  24 February 2017

[Ed.: Port Townsend Paper is less than a mill away from several schools, elder care & living facilities, medical clinics and the county hospital. Teachers report having to air out their classrooms before kids enter in the mornings; hospital workers report having to close air intake vents to protect fragile patients when the mill is spewing.]

Modern living is killing our sense of smell, says leading scientist.

Modern life is ruining mankind’s sense of smell and making people crave salty and fattening food, a leading scientist has said. The Telegraph, United Kingdom.  22 February 2017 [Ed.: chronic exposure to sulfur compounds, nitrogen oxides and mercaptans such as emitted in large quantities by Port Townsend Paper can damage the sense of smell]

How air pollution harms your health – and how to avoid it.

It can cause eye irritation, breathing difficulties and heart disease. Here are ways to limit the damage. The Guardian.  20 February 2017

Millions of premature births could be linked to air pollution, study finds.

Premature births across 183 countries may be associated with fine particulate matter, a common air pollutant, with Africa and Asia especially affected. The Guardian.  16 February 2017

Air pollution tied to increased diabetes risk, study says.

A new study of overweight Latino children in Los Angeles finds exposure to air pollution may increase their risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Los Angeles KPCC Radio, California.  10 February 2017

Air pollution increases likelihood of dementia in older women.

Breathing polluted air nearly doubles the risk of dementia in older women, according to a new study published in Translational Psychiatry. Los Angeles KPCC Radio, California.  2 February 2017


Air pollution may cause 21 percent of dementias worldwide, study suggests.

Air pollution may cause about 21 percent of cases of dementia worldwide, including Alzheimer’s disease, if a study of older women can be extended to the general population. San Diego Union-Tribune, California.  1 February 2017


The surprising link between air pollution and Alzheimer’s disease.

With environmental regulations expected to come under heavy fire from the Trump administration, new research offers powerful evidence of a link between air pollution and dementia risk. Los Angeles Times.  1 February 2017

Brain pollution: Evidence builds that dirty air causes Alzheimer’s, dementia.

The microscopic particles sifting from freeways and power plants don’t just harm your heart and lungs. They may also attack your brain. Science.  26 January 2017


More Online Treasure Troves of Relevant Papers and Studies:

Although too much to look into right now, a new journal on Air Quality and Health


NIEHS. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Reports linking environmental exposures to:

Asthma, autism, autoimmune diseases, Lupus, breast cancer, cancer, lung disease, obesity, parkinson’s, reproductive health.



Energy Justice.

A trove of research papers and articles, neatly categorized.

For papers on Health – peer-reviewed studies are at the top, and scroll down about halfway for Studies, Reports and Letters (not peer reviewed).

Energy Justice’s library focuses on biomass incineration, which applies to Port Townsend Paper since a large percentage of their fuel is woody fuels.


Clean Air Task Force.

Even though I don’t agree with more than some of their solutions (e.g., nuclear), the following two articles relate. Some 20% of PT Paper’s fuel is RFO/reprocessed fuel oil.

                        Fossil Fumes: A public health analysis of toxic air pollution from the oil and gas industry.

Published: June 2016

Health Impacts of Diesel, Based on Data from the National Scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA)

Published: October 2009


Quote from EPA’s own mouth: – EPA’s Site on particulate matter states: “Most PM particules form in the atmosphere as a result of chemical reactions between pollutants. Particulate matter (PM), also known as particle pollution, is a complex mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets that get into the air. Once inhaled, these particles can affect the heart and lungs and cause serious health effects.


It continues at

And from

“Health and Environmental Effects of Particulate Matter (PM)

Health Effects

The size of particles is directly linked to their potential for causing health problems. Small particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter pose the greatest problems, because they can get deep into your lungs, and some may even get into your bloodstream.

Exposure to such particles can affect both your lungs and your heart. Numerous scientific studies have linked particle pollution exposure to a variety of problems, including:

  • premature death in people with heart or lung disease
  • nonfatal heart attacks
  • irregular heartbeat
  • aggravated asthma
  • decreased lung function
  • increased respiratory symptoms, such as irritation of the airways, coughing or difficulty breathing.

People with heart or lung diseases, children, and older adults are the most likely to be affected by particle pollution exposure.”

Ed. Note:

Most particulate monitoring in place today does not measure ultrafines or “nano particles” (under 1.0µ or PM1.0). These are the most harmful as they can pass the blood-brain barrier and can pass directly into the lungs.

Articles and studies about ultrafine particles and health likely can be found at


From  re Port Townsend Paper Corporation (zip code 98368)

Paper (except Newsprint) Mills
There are 4 facilities of this type in Washington and 110 in the country. It emits more pounds of chemicals than 50 percent of facilities of this type in Washington and 64 percent in the country. The facility has a higher RSEI risk screening score than 25 percent of facilities of this type in Washington and 71 percent in the country.

Pulp Mills
There are 5 facilities of this type in Washington and 60 in the country. It emits more pounds of chemicals than 40 percent of facilities of this type in Washington and 31 percent in the country. The facility has a higher RSEI risk screening score than 40 percent of facilities of this type in Washington and 56 percent in the country.

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